History of Cheerleading

The history of cheerleading originates from the United States in the late 1880’s with your average crowd yelling and chanting to encourage their team. No one is quite sure how they documented that it was the first cheer ever but credit is given to Princeton University in 1884 for coming up with a Princeton cheer and marking there place in cheerleading history.

Then a few years later, the Princeton grad Tom Peebles brought cheering to the University of Minnesota. But it wasn’t until 1898 that fellow University of Minnesota student Johnny Campbell directed what was the very first cheer ever in November of 1898. The story is that Minnesota was having such a terrible football season that people felt the need to come up with positive chants and cheering was born. Minnesota went on to organize a male cheer squad in 1903 and organized the first cheerleading fraternity in the history of cheerleading, Gamma Sigma. Ironically enough cheerleading started out as an all male sport, it was felt there deep loud voices were more projecting than a woman’s voice. It wasn’t until the 1920’s that women became much more involved in cheerleading and began to incorporate gymnastics, pyramids and throws. Today, youth cheerleading is predominantly made up of female cheerleaders however college cheerleading is still about fifty percent male.

Well, the students cheered all they could for Minnesota yet they still got beat. It was a student’s scientific thesis that positive fan support would actually help send positive energy toward there team and assist them in winning. Well, the cheer wasn’t enough to garner a win but it did create a new sport. University of Minnesota stuck with the idea and eventually began to have an organized group of cheers at every game

The evolution of cheerleading to a sport was again developed by The University of Minnesota as the women became known for there athletic ability by including gymnastics in their routines. Then in the 1930’s the sport developed into much more of a display of showmanship as the athletes become much more entertaining and fun to watch. The megaphone would become the next big addition to cheerleading history in the early 1900’s and the pom pom which was introduced by Lawrence Herkimer really gave cheerleading a symbol to hang its hat on.

Herkimer has to be seen as the grandfather of cheerleading. He has done so much for the history of cheerleading by founding the National Cheerleading Association at S M U and holding cheerleading schools way back in 1946 and ’47. Herkimer’s camps have now grown to over twenty thousand attendees.

Today the sport has evolved into a highly athletic and competitive field displaying males and females of incredible talent. Herkimer and University of Minnesota have carved out a unique history of cheerleading.…

"History of Cheerleading"

Sports Betting Tips – How to Bet on Futures

You may or may not have already learned that future bets are wagers placed far in advance of a sporting event after reading our Overview of Sports Gambling Bet Types. The basics are all there, so the purpose of this article is to explain why futures offer such strong value and give tips on improving your chances to win when betting futures.

The main advantage of futures is that you can get appealing odds by betting when oddsmakers first release them or well before an event is decided. For example, placing a future wager on the Kentucky Derby a month ahead of time can get you a much better price on a horse than betting much closer to the race when the real contenders are revealed for all to see. Future odds are not set and can be adjusted by sportsbooks periodically, but the odds at the time of your wager are the odds you are locked into.

A futures bet example with major team sports would be NFL futures, where you often can get much higher odds on a team by betting before the season starts. An NFL future bet on a team to win the Super Bowl might be 20/1 in the preseason, but by midseason, those odds might decrease to 10/1 if the team turns out to be a legitimate championship contender.

It’s important to note that sportsbooks can change futures at any time, and they are available to be bet all the way until the event gets underway. Future bets are also not restricted to the championship game, as you can bet on who will win a conference or division too.

Future bets in NFL and college football, NBA and college basketball and MLB baseball are team-oriented in that you bet on the team’s performance while proposition bets on non-team future events that involve individuals like boxing, tennis, golf and NASCAR are also available. Keep in mind that with futures you are always betting that the event will happen, on whether the team will accomplish something such as a championship and not against their chances of doing so. For example, if Duke is 5/1 to win the NCAA Basketball Championship, you can bet $100 on Duke and will win $500 if they win it all – but with standard future betting you cannot bet against Duke winning it all.

Tips to Win

The key to betting futures is realizing their true value and using the right Tips to Win. The most important consideration is determining what changes a team has made to enhance their chances of vying for a championship like the Super Bowl or World Series. Draft choices, coaching changes, free-agent signings, trades and returning starters all impact a team’s ability to compete, so each aspect should be considered when making your future bet.

The Draft

The draft is a much bigger factor in NBA basketball and NFL football since a rookie can approach superstar status much earlier (i.e. LeBron James) than other sports like …

"Sports Betting Tips – How to Bet on Futures"

Volcom Clothing – Youth on the Cutting Edge

If you are into surfing, skateboarding or snowboarding, you will want to check out Volcom clothing. Whether you are looking for surfboard shorts, contemporary T-Shirts, insulated jackets and pants for snowboarding or Chino walking shorts, Volcom offers the most unique sports clothing line you can find on the Internet.

Volcom makes clothing for youths who refuse to conform but want to express themselves through exciting sports. While surfing, skateboarding and snowboarding are not always necessarily on the cutting edge of extreme sports, if you practice enough to get good at it, soon you will be performing edgy, exciting tricks.

The originators of Volcom clothing (Richard Woolcott and Tucker Hall) spend most of their time skateboarding, surfing and snowboarding, and they know what kind of style people who enjoy these sports prefer.

The designers at Volcom clothing never try to get you to wear impractical “sports wear” resembling current fashions. Instead, they offer you designs dreamt up by sports enthusiasts who happen to be artists, so that your clothing will always be both edgy and practical for your favorite boarding sport.

Whether you are looking for men’s board shorts for surfing or for women’s beach attire, you can find Volcom apparel to meet your needs. Volcom designs jeans, T-Shirts, sandals and hoodies in all colors and unique styles.

When you go online to look for Volcom clothes, you will find that there is a whole Volcom culture on the Internet that espouses the Youth Against Establishment mantra started by Woolcott and Hall in 1993. You will also find that HSSSurf.com has an excpetional selection of Volcom clothes and accessories.…

"Volcom Clothing – Youth on the Cutting Edge"

Do Your Basketball Shoes Improve Your Game?

If Basketball is your sport, you know it can be hard on your body, especially your feet. Playing this sport requires you to be in the best physical shape you can possibly be in. In a swift, fast-paced game of basketball, which can be hard on your joints, muscles, and especially your feet – You need to be flexible, as well as fast, when it comes to moving the court, keeping your balance steady while playing, passing and scoring.

Besides walking and running on and across the court, high intense jumping will score you points, but the added strain on your feet, requiring a responsive, comfortable, yet sturdy shoe made with the most advanced engineering will move you forward in the game. Just think about how much stopping and starting that you do during an intense 5 minutes of hard play. Are you an indoor player, maybe that lives on the east coast somewhere? Or, do you play outdoors all year round. If so, durability may be your number one concern. This is something to think about while deciding what type of basketball shoe is best for you. Do you need extra ankle support, or is cushioning your biggest preference?

If you’re looking great styling, and performance (and have to have a Nike shoe), Jordan’s are a definite favorite. With many models, colors and styles to choose from. Some insist that Jordans 23 (Jordan XX3) is by far the best Jordan basketball shoe ever to come out. A truly superior basketball shoe. The styling, support, revved-up performance, and luxury feel make this a must have. Other’s say the shoe is uncomfortable in the outer toe area. Still those who favor these shoes, say you can’t get performance, gripability, and technical design anywhere else.

Many Adidas basketball shoes are a first choice for style and comfort on and off the court. It all depends on your personal preference, and the shape of your foot. The Adidas commander is a favorite among many players, with sleek styling, superior cushioning, support and non-marking traction control. If you’re looking for a lightweight shoe, The Adidas Commander LT will perform excellently in cross-court maneuvering, with it’s lightweight feel, and slick design. These are breathable shoes, with padded insole, herringbone pattern outsole for steady breakaways. The Adidas TS Bounce Commander has similar styling, with Bounce cushioning technology for responsive, springy feel and steady performance.

Another popular basketball Jordan shoe is Jordans 6 Rings, which combines details from all of the Jordan shoes that Michael wore during the winning NBA Championships games. So take your pick. Buy your old favorite in a new color, or try something new, and see how your game improves. Feel the response, comfort and power in your shoes, and just focus on the game. That’s what it’s all about.…

"Do Your Basketball Shoes Improve Your Game?"

Contribution of Different Disciplines to Leisure and Tourism Studies

Leisure and tourism studies are characterized by a diversity of approaches which come from different disciplines and use a variety of methods. As a result, studies often use an inter-disciplinary or multi-disciplinary approach, drawing on different frames of reference and different methodological approaches for conducting studies. To this end, researchers involved in doing research projects should take into consideration the research questions they want to answer based on the purpose of the research, such as whether to do a research study to build on the academic store of knowledge or to do a study for a professional client or business organization that is interested in research for marketing purposes. A researcher might regard these different approaches like a tool-kit which he or she can draw on, as appropriate, for doing a study on a particular topic for a particular purpose.

The different disciplines which have different approaches include these:

– the sociological approach, which has provided much of the foundation for leisure research, though much less for tourism studies. The sociological approach involves three major thrusts. One is doing social surveys, some of which is done for pragmatic reasons, and this is considered social research rather than truly academically-oriented sociological research. Such surveys involve a quantitative approach, based on using statistics and mathematical models of human behavior to make predictions about human behavior. This is sometimes called the “surveys and modeling approach.” A second sociological approach seeks to explain why people behave as they do in choosing the leisure activities they engage in; it is designed to look at the meaning of leisure participation or non-participation to different groups of people. One such approach to discovering meaning is the existential and symbolic interaction approach, which considers the way people negotiate their leisure participation in light of their relationships of different types – from personal and social relationships to their relationships with their community and networks at work. Finally, a third sociological approach is the critical approach which has taken various forms. One is the neo-Marxist approach which has looked at the way in which individuals can act freely and the degree to which they are constrained and influenced by the structure of their society. A key aspect of this approach has been criticizing the capitalist system for exploiting or manipulating people within the system who have little power. Numerous streams of critical theory have influenced this perspective over the last few decades, including the feminist perspective that has looked at the way women have responded to leisure in light of their lesser power in society. Some other critical approaches have included postmodernism, which has explored the role of electronic communications and the cultural artifacts produced by it. It has been especially interested in the content of these expressions of culture rather than in the behavior of the people creating those cultural artifacts.

– the geographic approach, which have been especially interested in the way spaces and landscapes affect people’s behavior and their perception of those spaces and landscapes, especially in …

"Contribution of Different Disciplines to Leisure and Tourism Studies"

The Fallacy of a 52.4 Break Even Rate

All over the internet I see people, even professional sports bettors, claim that a 52.4% win rate is required to break even betting on sports. The idea being brought forth is that in order to profit you must win more than half of your games.

That is a very dangerous idea. It leads people to take bad odds trying to achieve that rate. It also leads them away from better odds that make it easier to profit. The fact is, the win rate required to break even or profit is not set. It is totally dependent on the lines you play, and can range from 40 to 60 percent, or even more.

If you asked most sports bettors, the believe they will be able to quickly retire if they could only find a way to win 60% of their bets. That may be true if you bet exclusively on point spreads. But if you do that on money lines of -200 the only thing that will happen quickly is that you go bankrupt.

Win rates and profitability are relative to the lines you play. One player may win 55% of their bets and lose money, while another may win 45% at a good profit. The truth is, win rate has little to do with profiting on betting on sports.

The player who bets only at +150 will break even at a 40% win rate, while the player who bets only at -150 will break even at 60%. The big question you should ask yourself is this. Is it easier to win 40% at +150, or 60% at -150?

The answer is that it is easier to win 40% at +150. The reason is that the books have to shade toward the dogs because most people tend to bet on favorites. That’s the inevitable result of the popular notion that you must win more than half of your bets to profit.

It easy enough to see in the lines. When a dog is +150, the favorite is usually close to -170. This example below is from Vegas Insider.

11/11 1:05 PM

51 Tampa Bay Boston

+150 -170

+150 -170

In order to break even on the favorite at -170, you must win 63% of the time. To break even on the dog at +150, you must win 40% of the time. In this case, a bet on the favorite is being charged an extra 20 because most bets will be on them, while the dog is going at the books estimation of the actual probabilities of the outcome.

When it comes to point spreads, you do in fact need 52.4% to break even at -110, and all players share the vig. But on money lines, the vig always gets paid by those who bet on the favorites. And you will find almost every line reflects a 3% differential (63+40=103%). Not coincidentally, that pretty much reflects the break even percentage of your average spread bet.

The best advice is to forget about …

"The Fallacy of a 52.4 Break Even Rate"

To Train For Endurance in Soccer by Enhancing Core-Breathing in the Game

How to breathe during your exercises program and during training is a foundation to how you breathe while you are competing. To have high endurance begins with your breathing ability in competition which will give muscles more energy to work with as you are playing soccer. Developing techniques to breathe while you exercise and how to breathe in competition, gives the edge in high competition by letting the body tap into a persons physical source of energy to keep playing longer then anyone else. Core/breathing is a interactive relationship, for the more you use the core movement, the more breath can be develop, then using the core to manage the breath flow during competition which enhances physical endurance. The ideas behind the power of core/breathing is how they are link together thereby they can be develop for greater endurance that enhances performance.

Looking at soccer physical demands on the body with the rules of the sport determines the exercises and training program that focus on physical endurance that is required for the sport. Soccer focus on the lower part of the body to run, to do sprints and the need to control the ball and kicking ability and foot movement and balance ability these are lower body developments. The body has to have good muscle tone over all to support the development of the core area to the feet muscles. Keep in mind there is general toning of the body but then there is the development of the muscles to do the sport. Breathing usage and development should be the foundation of doing exercises from stretching by using your breath to relax muscles and breathing through the nose as you run and move the core. Development of short inhales and long exhales as a exercise to change the stress energy in shoulders and let the mind feel the connection to movement of the body. Coordination is a energy link between the mind and body.

Balance is key component within the movement in playing soccer and the development of balance is directly related to the core strength then related to feet strength. The relationship to core force and feet strength forms the force that is balance in movement during the game. The other half is how long can you play at a high level is directly related to breath ability. To stay in the game, its about breathing ability while you are playing.

The power of core/breathing is a method of how to enhance performance within your exercises and in your existing physical movement in soccer. Energizing your muscles and giving your mind more directional force ability is directly related to breathing and strength within the core and how you control your exhale as your running affects how long you can run. Recovery of your energy and then strength relates to breathing within the core, so training should include core/breathing techniques that relates to soccer that will enhance performance in your game.

If a players wants to enhance their endurance on …

"To Train For Endurance in Soccer by Enhancing Core-Breathing in the Game"

Accumulator Tips

It’s pretty much possible to bet on anything these days, bets are not just confounded to sports either. There are events, on TV as well as political that you can always get odds for.

Best Accumulator Tips

When it comes to betting there are several types of betting you can go for. If you are serious about accumulator betting then check out the daily accumulator tips offered at footyaccumulators, the most popular sport to bet on, in the UK, is football, followed closely by horse racing and then cricket, rugby… Here’s a top ten list:

  • Football
  • Horse Racing
  • Cricket
  • Rugby
  • Golf
  • Tennis
  • Greyhounds
  • Formula 1
  • Boxing
  • Darts

Footy Accumulators study all matches from all the English leagues and from all the best in Europe too. There tips are thoroughly researched so be sure to check out their tips daily, for all your accumulators.

What’s an accumulator?

Accumulators are bets that combine a minimum of 4 selections, basically 4 separate bets.  There’s not much more to this explanation, it’s simply a multi-bunch of bets.

It doesn’t just have to be on football or any other specific sport. You can mix and match your accumulator and enter in a range of sports, as well bet types.

What can an accumulator culminate of?

As just mentioned, an accumulator needn’t just consist of one sporting sector. You can take a tip from a darts game, cricket match or any other sport tip can be placed within your acca. So, get shopping around and put together your acca now for a greater return on your bet.

How to win?

To ensure you win on an accumulator bet all your selections need to be successful. Ensuring you are successful with each selection is key here. So, what to look for. A good tip is to go for a win or lose result and go for a selection of favourites. There’s no guarantee in football but by keeping an eye on upcoming fixtures and by analysing a team’s form you can usually acquire a good understanding and go for a most definite result.

You could also pick a few teams where it’s highly likely both teams will score, this will go some way in boosting your odds. After all, the better the odds the higher the return on your stake, and that’s what we want.…

"Accumulator Tips"

9 Lessons Learned: Guide

UK NFL Shop.

National football league or the NFL as it is commonly known, is a professional American football league. It is one the major professional sports league in the entire North America. In the world of American football, NFL is the highest league level of this sport. The major event of this league is the super bowl. This final is one of the most watched sporting events in the world. This sport is slowly gaining popularity in other places of the world. For the professional players elsewhere, their dream is always to play in the National football league. It is the peak that an American football professional player can get.

As said before, the NFL has both local and international fans. Many fans worldwide show their loyalty by having the different attires of their respective teams. Examples of these kits are the jerseys, the ball, and the headgear. All around the world the NFL fans can access these kits from the licensed NFL stores. UK is no exception to this. There are so many shops in The United Kingdom that deal with the NFL equipment. These shops compete with each other by stocking the best collection and at reasonable prices. Physical addresses, as well as online shopping, are there. It is evident that most people prefer online shopping.

There are certain reasons why most people like shopping for the NFL kits online around the UK. Both buyers and sellers are benefited in some ways. First, the prices of this merchandise will be slightly lower compared to the physical stores. The absence of middlemen is the core reason for this. Therefore, a buyer will end up saving a lot of money in the transaction. On the side of the dealer, they also save a lot of money that would have been used to hire many trained employees to carry out some useful work in the store. High profits will then be witnessed.

Another benefit of online shopping of NFL products via the internet is the convenience associated with it. It is no possible to find NFL equipment stores in all the towns of UK. Fans from such towns are therefore forced to travel to make their purchases. However, with online shopping of this merchandise, the fans do not have to travel for long distances to acquire these kits. By just clicking a button, a purchase can be made. This is very instrumental since it also saves on the total amount of money such people would have used in case online shopping of these kits would not be existing.

Traditional purchases of visiting the stores physically is still relevant. Physical selection of the kit of choice is a merit of this method. It is also possible to try these kits out. Well experienced shop attendants are also there to assist the customers with their way through the shops and to make selections as well. The preferred method of making the purchases lies with the fans in the country.

Another Source: find

"9 Lessons Learned: Guide"

Clubs And Associations In Algorfa

3A Edad

This is one of the largest association and is a club for pensioners, there are different activities available such as dancing, sewing classes, keep fit for the mature, hairdressing services, dining out, board games and cards but the day trips and weekends away are most popular with all the association members both Spanish and English. A yearly subscription is all that is required to be part of this group; the association is run by a committee whom are helped by the local Council, at this moment in time we are awaiting the grand opening of the new 3ª building which hopefully will be sometime in November if not earlier, the new building is located in the Village square and has been designed with all the latest modern requirements.

Women’s association.

This is a club originally started for housewives and women living with domestic violence, although the association still offers 24hours support and refuge for women the club is now mostly women enjoying life away from their husbands and children, the club has many members both young and old and offers many different activities for all ages, twice a year the association have an evening out where approximately 200 women eat and drink in a private club with entertainment and disco. The majority of mothers are members of this fun loving association.

Music association.

This association is for the talented musicians or singers amongst us or those simply wishing to learn music either young or old all are very welcome. Algorfa music band play in all the Algorfa fiestas and the Cecilia choir is very popular amongst all. Private classes are also available and are held down stairs in the Councils new Cultural centre which is by the side of the infant school.

Football association.

Majority of the members are fathers and sons, there are many different teams of football with ages ranging from 6 years up to adulthood. Here in Algorfa we have two pitches, changing rooms and a snack bar, members or non members are always very welcome, this association is also funded by the Council and they arrange tournaments to be played in different areas meaning weekends away for all the family to enjoy. Soon to be installed by the Algorfa council is an Astroturf pitch.

Algorfa school of dance.

Dancing is most popular amongst the young and for a small amount of 10 EUR a month, if aged 3 years or above your child can dance twice a week and partake in all the Village fiestas. The children are taught by a local dance teacher and once again the dance school council run.…

"Clubs And Associations In Algorfa"